|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis, 62, 3/2014
O B S A H
Š t ú d i e
Tachiaos, Antonios E.: Cyrilometodské dedičstvo a
jeho odkaz svetu Slovanov ... 385
M a t e r i á l y
Sklenářová, Sylva: Pět let Ivana Krna jako vyslance v Nizozemsku (1934-1938). Příspěvek k vzájemným vztahům Československa a Nizozemska ... 525
Uličný, Ferdinand: Toponymum Slovensko – pôvod a obsah názvu ... 545
R e c e n z i e
Kováč, Dušan a kol. Sondy do slovenských dejín v
dlhom 19. storočí (Elena Mannová) ... 555
Glosy ... 569
Kronika ... 582
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Tachiaos, Antonios E.: The Message of the
Cyrillo-Methodian Legacy to the World of Slavs ... 385
M a t e r i a l s
Sklenářová, Sylva: Ivan Krno’s five years as ambassador in the Netherlands (1934 – 1938). A contribution to relations between Czechoslovakia and the Netherlands ... 525
Uličný, Ferdinand: The name Slovakia (Slovensko) – its origin and content ... 545
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
Tachiaos, Antonios E.: Das Erbe von Kyrill und
Method und ihr Vermächtnis an die Slawen ... 385
M a t e r i a l i e n
Sklenářová, Sylva: Fünf Jahre als Botschafter in Niederlande (1934-1938). Beitrag zu den bilateralen Beziehungen der Tschechoslowakei und Niederlande ... 525
Uličný, Ferdinand: Toponym Slowakei (Slovensko) - Herkunft und Inhalt des Namens ... 545
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
TACHIAOS, Antonios E. The Message of the Cyrillo-Methodian Legacy to the World of Slavs.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp. 385-391, Bratislava.
The paper is concerned with the contribution of the mission of the Thessalonian brothers Constantine (Cyril) and Methodius for the Slavonic world in terms of three important points: 1) The brothers Cyril and Methodius worked in the Slavonic world as mediators of the cultural values of the Byzantine Empire. 2) They created not only a means of expression in the form of writing, but also a literary language that had not existed before. 3) They created all the conditions necessary for the free development of national Slavonic cultural life and for the formation of the self-consciousness necessary for its continuation. These three points express not only the contribution of Cyril and Methodius to the development of the culture and national consciousness of the Slavs, but also the cultural message of Byzantium to the Slavs.
Key words: Thessalonian brothers, Constantine (Cyril), Methodius, Slavs, Byzantine culture, Writing, Glagolitic, Cyrilic, National consciousness, Cultural self-sufficiency.
FRIMMOVÁ, Eva. Eliáš Berger (1562 – 1644), imperial historian and poet laureate.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp. 393-413, Bratislava.
Eliáš Berger (1552 Brezno – 1644 Skalica) from Grünberg worked as a historian at the courts of the Emperor Rudolf II and later of Mathias II of Habsburg. He also engaged in politics. Great socio-political interest in support for the Archduke Mathias and his power-political ambitions with the aim of calming and improving the domestic situation and strengthening pro-national feelings in the Kingdom of Hungary united various representatives of the aristocratic families and important humanists at the beginning of the 17th century. Berger cooperated in these aims with his literary work, together with Stephen Ilesházi and Peter Révai. The literary output of Eliáš Berger from 1600 – 1638 is remarkable. He wrote 20 larger works as well as shorter literary texts. Above all, he helped to influence political and social developments with his historical and political writing.
Key words: Eliáš Berger, Historian, Poet, Humanism and the Renaissance, Territory of Slovakia, Austria, Czech Lands, Germany.
ŠOLTÉS, Peter. Confessionally mixed marriages. Legal norms and social practice in the Kingdom of Hungary up to 1848.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp.415-446, Bratislava.
The aim of the study is to present the development of ecclesiastical and civil legal norms regulating the conclusion of mixed marriages and the question of the religious allegiance of children in the Kingdom of Hungary. It analyses the interventions of the state authorities and the Catholic Church in the period from the middle of the 18th century to the revolution of 1848. Joseph II’s ecclesiastical policies created a new legal framework in which the interests and aims of the state and the Catholic Church began to diverge. During the Napoleonic Wars and especially in the reform period, mixed marriages became a subject of politicization and struggle between the liberal opposition and the conservative pro-government group supported by the Catholic hierarchy. The study also includes a sounding into the discourse of the time and analyses representative texts of both Catholic and Protestant origin. In the final part, the author considers the social strategies developed in confessionally mixed local communities in reaction to the disciplinary pressure from the authorities.
Key words: Confessionally mixed marriages, Kingdom of Hungary, Josephinism, Ecclesiastical norms, Social norms, Reverses, Reform period.
PÁL, Judit – HOLEC, Roman. Two high state officials – two integration attempts – two “imperial careers”? (Prince Karl Schwarzenberg and Count Emanuel Péchy in Transylvania).
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp. 447-470, Bratislava.
The struggle over Transylvania between the Hungarian political elites and the central state authorities in Vienna had various forms in the period starting with the revolution of 1848-49. The incorporation of Transylvania into the Kingdom of Hungary or the opposite process of its direct administration by Vienna represented competing integration projects. They were promoted by various high state officials, usually representatives of the aristocracy and high ranking army officers. Their life stories and careers are a good example for the statement that behind the top politicians was a large group of loyal bureaucrats, who served the regime, joined one regime with the next and kept the whole system running. It was not always a matter of the most important personalities, but their careers as loyal bureaucrats may supplement and clarify the overall picture of the Empire and the collected biographies of officials may contribute to clarifying the mechanisms of its functioning. The study devotes detailed attention to various generals and aristocratic officials, especially to two of the most typical of the representatives placed in charge of Transylvania: Prince Karl von Schwarzenberg and Count Emanuel Péchy. The route from the pre-modern to the modern state was characterized by continuity and effective bureaucratic and military control over its own territory, in this case over Transylvania.
Key words: Habsburg Monarchy, Kingdom of Hungary and Transylvania, Integration attempts (1848 – 1876), High state officials, Official careers, Karl von Schwarzenberg, Emanuel Péchy.
SABOL, Miroslav. The limits and frontiers of road transport in 1940s Slovakia.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp.471-499, Bratislava.
The study maps the development of road transport in 1940s Slovakia. It traces the construction of the road infrastructure, legislative changes concerning transport and their impact on motorists. The government regulated transport by means of various licences. The paper analyses the development of the car industry, exports, prices and the accessibility of cars for the general public. It considers safety and accident prevention. In many parts of the study, the author attempts to compare road transport in Slovakia and the Czech Lands. In this way, he gives a more realistic and comprehensive picture of the state of motorization in this period.
Key words: Transport, Cars, Slovakia, Roads, Fuel for vehicles, Motoring legislation, Accident rate.
VOJÁČEK, Ladislav. The Labour Code of 1965 – the basis of Czechoslovak labour legislation in the second half of last century.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp. 501-523, Bratislava.
The study is devoted to the development of Czechoslovak labour legislation in the second half of last century. It traces the form and practical application of the basic legal norm – the Labour Code from 1965. It points to the economic and political causes of the most important changes and the impact of the adopted measures on the application of the code in practice. Apart from all the unrealized projects from the period of the renewal process and the post-November legislation, the study directs its attention especially to the characteristics of the three main amendments to the Labour Code during the Normalization period, which the author designates as the normalizing (1969), amending (1975) and reforming (1988) changes. The author endeavours to observe that the development of the legal norms connected with the labour process, the motivation for introducing particular amendments, problems with the implementation of some ideas, conflicting views and difficulties with the application of some adopted measures significantly contributed to the atmosphere of the time. These problems reflected the individual phases of the development of Czechoslovak or Czech and Slovak society in the second half of last century.
Key words: Czechoslovakia, Labour legislation, Labour code, Renewal process, Normalization.
SKLENÁŘOVÁ, Sylva. Ivan Krno’s five years as ambassador in the Netherlands (1934 – 1938). A contribution to relations between Czechoslovakia and the Netherlands.
Historický časopis, 2014, 62, 3, pp. 525-544, Bratislava.
The study is concerned with Ivan Krno’s time in the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1934 to 1938 as Czechoslovak Ambassador. During this period, he participated in several important events in relations between the two countries. These included conclusion of a commercial agreement in 1934, signing of a cultural agreement between Czechoslovakia and the Netherlands in 1937 and the reopening of the restored chapel in the Walloon Church in Naarden with the grave of Jan Amos Comenius. He significantly participated in the life of the Czechoslovak community in the Netherlands and in the activities of the Netherlands – Czechoslovak Society, which supported cultural links between the two states.
Key words: Ivan Krno, Czechoslovak – Netherlands relations, Netherlands.
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