|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis (ročník 68), 2020, č. 5
C O N T E N T S
M e t h o d o l o g y
Horský, Jan – Velková, Alice: Influence of socio-economic status and household structure on the availability of grandmother care. Possibilities of research into the grandmother hypothesis in the Central-European historical family ... 769
A r t i c l e s
Tasić, Dmitar: Friends and foes: Czechs/Slovaks
and Serbia during the First World War ... 797
R e v i e w s
Magnae Moraviae fontes historici I. Annales et
chronicae (Miroslav Lysý) ... 889
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
HORSKÝ, Jan – VELKOVÁ, Alice. Influence of socio-economic status and household structure on the availability of grandmother care. Possibilities of research into the grandmother hypothesis in the Central-European historical family.
Historický časopis, 2020, 68, 5, pp. 769–796, Bratislava.
The aim of this study is to discuss the role of grandmothers in pre-modern society. It uses results of quantitative testing of the “Grandmother Hypothesis” based on data reconstructed on the Šťáhlavy estate in western Bohemia in 1708–1834 for a qualitative interpretation of this phenomenon. The first part of the paper focuses on the availability of grandmother care and evaluates various aspects of this term. The second issue under discussion is to what extent the potentiality of grandmother care was influenced by the structure of households, which in its turn is closely linked to the socio-economic status of a given family.
Key words: Grandmother hypothesis. Household structure. Pre-modern family. Bohemia.
TASIĆ, Dmitar. Friends and foes: Czechs/Slovaks and Serbia during the First World War.
Historický časopis, 2020, 68, 5, pp. 797–814, Bratislava.
By presenting the most recent scholarship on the intense, although not turbulent, relations between Serbia on one side and Czechs and Slovaks on the other, this article aims to show how the unique experience of being on opposite sides during the First World War did not necessarily lead toward creation of animosities and controversies. On the contrary, it not only resulted in support, understanding and cooperationm but also led to the creation of new and deepening of existing liaisons in the decades that followed the first global conflict.
Key words: Great War. Serbia. Czechs. Slovaks. Naturalization. Volunteers. Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. Milan Rastislav Štefánik. Kragujevac mutiny.
DUGAČKI, Vlatka – SOVILJ, Milan. “We Have to Move Forward!” The slovak minority in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1935–1939.
Historický časopis, 2020, 68, 5, pp. 815–839, Bratislava.
The paper “We Have to Move Forward!” focuses on presenting the organisation and position of the Slovak minority in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, placing emphasis on the period between the elections for the National Assembly in 1935 and the establishment of the Banat of Croatia in 1939. Special attention was paid to the minority’s viewpoints on the Kingdom’s internal politics, as well as, externally, the conditions in the mother country, that is, Czechoslovakia and Slovakia after the first half of March 1939. The research required the use of archived materials from the Croatian State Archives in Zagreb and the Slovak National Archives in Bratislava, the Slovak minority newspapers, which, among other things, helped reconstruct the zeitgeist, and also the published sources and relevant literature. Although the Slovaks inhabited the entire territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it is important to mention that the representative area used for this research was the Danube Banat (mostly the area of the present day Vojvodina and Baranja), which was most densely populated by the Slovak minority.
Keywords: Slovak minority. Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Banat of Croatia. Czechoslovakia. Slovak Republic. Interwar period.
DAVIDOVÁ GLOGAROVÁ, Jana – DAVID, Jaroslav. The Radio Speeches of Czech Exile Politicians in the Period of 1939–1945 – in the Perspective of Thematization of Proper Names.
Historický časopis, 2020, 68, 5, pp. 841–859, Bratislava.
The paper focuses on proper names (personal and place names, chrematonyms), and their thematization in Czech ideological speeches. The paper examines texts written by Czech exile politicians and presented in the London and Moscow radio broadcasts between 1939 and 1945, in the course of the Second World War. The texts reflect a wide scale of Czech politicians ranging from the Democrats (National Socialists Edvard Beneš, Prokop Drtina, Jaroslav Stránský; Christian Democrat Jan Šrámek) to the Communists (Klement Gottwald, Zdeněk Nejedlý) and their sympathizers (Social Democrat Zdeněk Fierlinger); speeches written by non-partisan Jan Masaryk are also included. Thematization is presented as an important language device to express, or support, the text tendency. The process of thematization is realized in two structures. In the deep text structure, it is realized as a semantic change (proper name re-semantization), in the surface (visible) structure, it is expressed by collocations, onomastic allusions, metaphors, or metonymies.
Key words: WWII. Czech Exile. Radio Speeches. Ideological Speeches. Thematization. Proper Names. Collocations.
POLÁČKOVÁ, Zuzana – DUIN van C., Pieter. ‘Anti-Zionism’ and the fight against anti-Semitism in Czechoslovakia, 1967–1969.
Historický časopis, 2020, 68, 5, pp. 861–887, Bratislava.
This article analyses the phenomenon of ‘anti-Zionism’ and anti-Semitism in Czechoslovakia during the remarkable years 1967–1969. The reactions to the Arab-Israeli War of June 1967, the political liberalisation during the Prague Spring of 1968, and the period of ‘normalisation’ after the Soviet invasion in August 1968 were the main determinants shaping its development. Anti-Israeli rhetoric and ‘anti-Zionism’ were political instruments manipulated by the communist regimes of Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Soviet Union and had various functions. They expressed frustration about the defeat of the Arab client states of the Eastern Bloc and about the fact that many East European citizens disagreed with their governments’ one-sided anti-Israeli policy. The ‘anti-Zionist’ campaign also had to discredit oppositional and reform-minded political forces by associating them with Israel and the Jews. Indeed, this campaign could only work if at least a part of the population proved susceptible to the reactivating of anti-Semitic prejudices and sentiments, which had a long history in many parts of Eastern Europe. However, another section of the population, especially in Czechoslovakia, decided to fight against the anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist propaganda. This added a, perhaps underrated, dimension to the events in Czechoslovakia – and to some extent, Poland – during the period 1967–1969. An analysis of these political developments increases our understanding of the nature of anti-Semitism and ‘anti-Zionism’, but also of the character and evolution of the communist regimes as well as of their critics.
Key words: Anti-Semitism. Anti-Zionism. Czechoslovakia. Communism. Political reforms.
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