|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis (ročník 69), 2021, č. 1
O B S A H
Š t ú d i e
Palko, Jakub: Majetkové spory štajerských
kláštorov v čase uhorskej správy
1254 – 1260 ... 3
A r c h í v
R e c e n z i e
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Palko, Jakub: The property disputes of Styrian
monasteries in the period
of Hungarian administration, 1254–1260 ... 3
A r c h i v e s
Duchoňová, Diana – Martí, Tibor: On Power Presentation by the Esterházy family. The Funeral of Palatine Nicholas Esterházy in the Light of the Invited Guests ... 147
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
Palko, Jakub: Vermögensrechtliche Streitigkeiten
der steierischen Klöster zur Zeit der ungarischen Verwaltung 1254–1260 ... 3
A r c h i v
Duchoňová, Diana – Martí, Tibor: Zu der Machtvertretung der Familie Esterházy. Bestattung von Palatin Nikolaus Esterházy im Licht der eingeladenen Gäste ... 147
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
PALKO, Jakub. The property disputes of Styrian monasteries in the period of Hungarian administration, 1254–1260.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 3–26, Bratislava.
The study is concerned with the problem of the Hungarian administration of the Duchy of Styria in the period 1254–1260. As a result of the almost complete absence of study of this theme in European historiography, the study has the basic aim of approaching this period of Central European history of the second half of the 13th century. The text of the study is based mainly on content analysis of surviving diplomatic and narrative sources from the Holy Roman Empire. The most notable result of the test is clarification of the relationship of representatives of the Hungarian administrative authorities in the Duchy of Styria with ecclesiastical institutions such as monasteries, and with the secular elite: aristocrats, officials.
Key words: Hungarian administration. Styria. Stephen Gutkeled. Stephen V. Monasteries. Officials.
DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Daniela. The death of Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg and Albert of Habsburg’s Accession to the Throne of Hungary.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 27–47, Bratislava.
The paper deals with the circumstances of the death of the Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg and the accession of Albert of Habsburg to the throne of Hungary. Albert based his claims to the Hungarian royal crown on his marriage with Sigismund’s daughter Elisabeth, the heiress of the Kingdom of Hungary. But the hereditary claims to the royal throne in the women’s branch did not apply in Hungary. In this case the new King was elected by the assembly. In spite of Sigismund’s last will, the election of Albert as King of Hungary was uncertain because part of the aristocracy supported the Polish candidacy. Albert concealed Sigismund’s death and hastily organized an election assembly in Bratislava, which was attended only by supporters of the Habsburg duke. Therefore, part of the aristocracy did not accept the election and the result was a civil war in the Kingdom of Hungary. The study also deals with the issue of the royal burial, the last resting place of Emperor Sigismund in Oradea as well with the later destruction of his grave.
Key words: Sigismund of Luxemburg. Death of King. Albert of Habsburg. Election. Royal burial. Oradea. Civil war.
FEDERMAYER, Frederik. Nepotism and the Career of a Royal Official in the Seventeenth Century: Michal Partinger – Treasurer and Counsellor of the Royal Hungarian Chamber from a Genealogical Perspective.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 49-82, Bratislava.
This study presents the life, career, and family connections of a senior official of the Royal Hungarian Chamber, Michal Partinger (†1686), a native of Pressburg (now Bratislava, Slovakia), which was then the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary. The primary aim of this study is to discuss nepotism at royal offices in the Kingdom of Hungary during the early modern period. It highlights the importance of genealogical and archontological research in its analysis of this phenomenon.
Key words: Royal officials. Early modern period. Genealogy. Archontology. Kingdom of Hungary.
KIČKOVÁ, Adriana. Cinematography and education. The Czechoslovak school film 1918–1937.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 83–97, Bratislava.
After the formation of the Czechoslovak Republic, one of the priorities was the educational process with the aim of reflecting the democratic principles of the new state. From the beginning, the Ministry of Education and Public Information endeavoured to apply innovative elements in the content of educational programmes. The text concentrates on the production and use of short films as an important contribution to education in the republic, including the supervisory body: the Department for School Films. Attention is also devoted to terminological definition of the cultural – educational film.
Key words: Cultural-educational film. Education. Department for School Films. School films. Czechoslovak Republic.
FALISOVÁ, Anna – OZOROVSKÝ, Vojtech. Sexually transmitted diseases in Slovakia in the past and the effect of “Action PN”.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 99–118, Bratislava.
The study is devoted to the problem of the suppression of venereal diseases in Slovakia and the implementation of action PN. This anti-venereal action was implemented at the beginning of the 1950s in an attempt to stop the spread of venereal diseases in Czechoslovakia. The first stage was directed towards investigation of pregnant women to prevent congenital syphilis. The second stage involved mass screening of the population for syphilis in the selected age group. Almost 4.5 million people were screened in Czechoslovakia during action PN, and almost 18 thousand positive cases were found. The number of inspected people in Slovakia was lower than originally expected. The infected people had to receive obligatory treatment.
Key words: Health care. Slovakia. Action PN in Czechoslovakia. Screening of the population for syphilis. Penicillin treatment.
BUZÁSSYOVÁ, Barbora. From internationalist aid to pragmatic cooperation: the priorities of Czechoslovak “expert service” in the field of science and education provided to African countries during the 1960s and 1970s.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 119–146, Bratislava.
The paper analyses the shifting priorities of the Czechoslovak educational development aid to African countries during the 1960s and 1970s within the context of the global system of UNESCO-sponsored development aid programmes. The primary focus is put on the changes in status and contents of services provided by Czechoslovak experts working at scientific and educational institutions in Africa. Drawing on the concept of “semiperipheral postcoloniality” of Hungarian geographer Zoltán Ginelli, the author interprets the growing tendency towards commercialization of Czechoslovak conceptions of expert service and its closer entanglement with international strategies of development aid as one of the means of convergence between the “Western” and “Eastern” models of development and simultaneously as a possible solution to economic stagnation on the domestic front. The study thus contributes to the current debates about the roles of Eastern European states in the global processes of the Cold War as well as their relations to the “Global South.”
Key words: Development aid. Africa. Education. Czechoslovakia. Experts. Cold War
DUCHOŇOVÁ, Diana – MARTÍ, Tibor. On Power Presentation by the Esterházy family. The Funeral of Palatine Nicholas Esterházy in the Light of the Invited Guests.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 1, pp. 147–184, Bratislava.
Palatine Nicholas Esterházy, one of the most important politicians of the Early Modern period, died on 11 September 1645. His funeral was held on 11 December 1645 at Trnava. We have well-known sources about the funeral of Nicholas Esterházy: the order giving the precise course of the funeral ceremony, the numerous people invited to attend, the correspondence with the Jesuit John Nádas on constructing a castrum doloris and so on. These are supplemented by a newly discovered source: a list of people invited to the funeral. It gives us a first view into the presentational customs of the Hungarian elite of the time, and tells us who apart from the important domestic guests, was invited to the funeral of the “First Man of the Kingdom of Hungary” from abroad. Funerals were an important opportunity for presentation, and the final farewell to the departed had to correspond to his social status.
Key words: Esterházy. Funeral. Aristocratic Presentation. Family Memory. Funeral Order. List of Mourners.
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