|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis (ročník 69), 2021, č. 2
O B S A H
Š t ú d i e
Kozák, Petr: Dvořané neuherského původu na
stránkách knih účtů dvora krále Vladislava II. z let 1494–1495: Příspěvek k
fungování uhersko-české personální unie v době jagellonské ... 193
A r c h í v
R e c e n z i e
Podolan, Peter: Veľká Morava v historickej spisbe
generácie Všeslávie (Matej Harvát) ... 371
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Kozák, Petr: Courtiers of Non-Hungarian Origin on
the Pages of Account Books from the Court of King Vladislav II, 1494–1495: A
Contribution to the Functioning of the Personal Union of Hungary and Bohemia in
the Jagiellonian Period ... 193
A r c h i v e s
Janecová, Tamara: People write to Čatloš (Appeals from Jews addressed to the Ministry of National Defence in the period 1939–1942) ... 345
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
Kozák, Petr: Höflinge nicht-ungarischen Ursprungs
auf den Seiten der Geschäftsbücher am Hofe des Königs Vladislav II. zwischen
1494 und 1495: Beitrag zum Funktionieren der ungarisch-böhmischen Personalunion
in der jagiellonischen Zeit ... 193
A r c h i v
Janecová, Tamara: Die Leute schreiben an Čatloš (jüdische Bittschriften an das Ministerium für Nationale Verteidigung in den Jahren 1939–1942) ... 345
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
KOZÁK, Petr. Courtiers of Non-Hungarian Origin on the Pages of Account Books from the Court of King Vladislav II, 1494–1495: A Contribution to the Functioning of the Personal Union of Hungary and Bohemia in the Jagiellonian Period.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 193–222, Bratislava.
The aim of the study is to present the potential of the surviving register of revenue and expenditure of the King of Hungary from 1494–1495 in relation to research on the personal composition of the royal court of Hungary and Bohemia. At the same time, emphasis was placed on the circle of persons from outside the Kingdom of Hungary. Analysis of the account material shows that after 1490, a group of people from the Czech Lands formed a group at the court in Buda that could not be overlooked. If we add to them identified courtiers of Polish – Lithuanian origin or with roots in the German regions of the Holy Roman Empire, they make up more than 60% of the people of noble origin, who gave colour to the court of King Vladislav Jagiello in Buda. A detailed prosopographical analysis of Vladislav’s court in the period 1490–1516 is still lacking. However, the partial analysis of the situation in in the mid 1490s shows that it was not just the Hungarian court with a not very important Bohemian appendix, but an institution fully representing both the Hungarian and Bohemian parts of Vladislav’s realms.
Key words: Foreigners. Czech Crown. Court. Court Accounts. Jagiello Dynasty. Late Middle Ages. Kingdom of Hungary.
VESELOVSKÁ, Eva. Medieval Notated Fragments from the Slovak National Archives, Collection from the Leles Premonstratensian Monastery Place of Authentication.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 223–246, Bratislava.
Source research into medieval musical materials from the territory of Slovakia has brought many new and valuable findings in recent times. The sources include newly discovered musical fragments from various archive, book and museum collections from the 11th to the end of the 15th centuries. Almost all the surviving musical sources contain monophonic Latin liturgical song, so-called Gregorian chant (in Latin cantus planus) of domestic and foreign origin. The manuscript materials from the Kingdom of Hungary include fragments in the Slovak National Archives from the Leles Premonstratensian Monastery place of authentication (locus credibilis). Fragments of four manuscripts with notes represent a scriptorium tradition that is specific from the points of view of content and musical notation. The medieval fragments with notation are preserved as the packaging for documents (Acta anni – varia). They come from four different liturgical books: a Sequentiar from the second half of the 14th century, a Missal from 1350–1375, an Antiphonar from 1350–1375 and a Psaltar with notes from about 1400. The aim of the study is to present the content and significance of these musical materials for research on medieval musical culture, religion and manuscript production in medieval Slovakia.
Key words: Middle Ages. Slovakia. Leles. Musical Notation. Fragment.
LUKÁČOVÁ, Alexandra. The Italian journeys of Russian artists and aristocrats in the first half of the 19th century. What imprints did they leave in the region of Slovakia?
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 247–271, Bratislava.
The study describes the nature and destiny of the art heritage of Russian aristocrat Natalia Ivanovna Ivanov (1801–1850) and her foster father, a French Earl Xavier de Maistre (1763–1852). Natalia I. Ivanov was the first wife of Baron Gustav Friesenhof (1807–1889), who in 1846 bought a renaissance manor in Brodzany, the territory of Ponitrie. The heritage consisting particularly of art albums, herbaria and manuscripts that originated against the background of two phenomena of Russian culture and history, namely the activities of a Russian art community living in the territories now forming Italy in the first half of the 19th century and the journeys of Russian aristocrats in Western and Southern Europe, especially in the Italian Peninsula, the place where Natalia I. Ivanov and Xavier de Maistre were living in 1826–1838. The study reflects activities of Earl de Maistre and N. I. Ivanov during the above- mentioned period in the company of Russian aristocrats and diplomats as well as their art activities together with important Russian artists, such as Orest A. Kiprensky and Karl P. Briullov or the representatives of the Naples art school Posillipo and French painters. The art heritage mirroring a unique combination of Slovak environment together with Russian aristocracy and Russian and Italian artistic circles is today presented in the Slavic Museum of A. S. Pushkin in Brodzany.
Key words: Friesenhofs´ Family. Xavier de Maistre. Italy. Travelling. 19th Century. Russian Painters. Russian Aristocracy. Herbaria. Art Albums.
ŠMÍD, Marek. Parliamentary Elections and the Activity of the Czechoslovak People’s Party in the Political Life of the First Czechoslovak Republic as Presented by the Representatives of the Holy See.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 273–291, Bratislava.
The study Parliamentary elections and the activity of the Czechoslovak People‘s Party in the Political Life of the First Czechoslovak Republic as Presented by the Representatives of the Holy See deals with the reports on the parliamentary elections by the Vatican diplomats in Czechoslovakia in the period of the First Republic (1918–1938). This represents a valuable source of knowledge of the multi-layered activity of the Apostolic Nuncio in Prague, who regularly sent his detailed reports to the Secretary of State of the Holy See - in the 1920s, Cardinal Pietro Gasparri and Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, later Pope Pius XII. The study deals with every parliamentary election that took place during the inter-war period (April 1920, November 1925, October 1929 and May 1935). Their results are compared in relation to both the expectations of the representatives of the Holy See and the political and religious reality in Czechoslovakia, considering each election to be a phenomenon that cannot be comprehensively studied without knowledge of the Vatican archives. The text is primarily based on the Historical Archive of the State Secretariat of the Holy See in the Vatican and abundant Czech literature.
Key words: Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovak – Vatican Relations. 1918-1938. Parliamentary Elections. Apostolic Nuncio.
MICHÁLEK, Slavomír. The US State Department: Compensation versus Czechoslovak Monetary Gold, 1948–1961.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 293–316, Bratislava.
After the end of the Second World War, Europe and the whole world faced a multitude of open questions and problems. The significant issues included dealing with the results of the war and the establishment of an international order that would minimalize the possibility of the outbreak of another world conflict. We know today, that after the defeat of the common enemy, the world did not follow the course of co-operation, but of bipolar confrontation of the USSR and USA, two super-powers with regimes based on different values and ideologies. Some questions were successfully solved, but others remained unsolved mainly for political reasons. They dragged on through the decades of the Cold War and were reflected in bilateral relations. Those concerning Czechoslovakia and Czechoslovak – American relations included the issues of the Czechoslovak monetary gold and compensation for American property in Czechoslovakia nationalized in 1945. The present study have limited the problem of the Czechoslovak gold and compensation to the question of how the US State Department dealt with these problems, or what influenced its actions, especially in the 1950s.
Key words: Bipolar World. 1950s. US State Department. Adequate and Effective Compensation. Nationalized Property of the USA. Czechoslovak Monetary Gold. Tripartite Commission for the Restitution of Monetary Gold.
KABEŠOVÁ, Monika. Andrej Kaboš and Ervín Polák. Dismissal of the Chief Secretaries of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Slovakia, Bratislava in the Context of the Search for “Internal Traitors” at the Beginning of the 1950s.
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 317–344, Bratislava.
The study is directed towards the regional party purges within the CC CPS Bratislava in the period 1949–1951, and their connection with the campaign known as “searching for the internal traitors”, then occurring within the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. They included the dismissal of the two leading secretaries of the CC CPS in Bratislava: Andrej Kaboš and Ervín Polák. The study is not devoted only to the circumstances of their dismissal, but also to their previous lives and professional careers, which had a lot of influence on the accusations against them. Space is also given to the period after their arrest, conviction and later rehabilitation. The study also provides comparison with the Czech environment.
Key words: Communist Party of Slovakia. Bratislava. Party Purges. 1950s.
JANECOVÁ, Tamara. People write to Čatloš (Appeals from Jews addressed to the Ministry of National Defence in the period 1939–1942).
Historický časopis, 2021, 69, 2, pp. 345–369, Bratislava.
The study is devoted to analysis of nine letters from Slovak Jews, who requested the intervention of the Ministry of National Defence of the Slovak Republic, on the basis of their military service. Argumentation and stylization implicitly connect the letters. Recurring motifs show the central points of anti-Semitic discourse, concerning the confessional, national, cultural, political and ideological levels. This discourse is reflected from the opposite side with their authors striving to convince the ministry that although they are Jews, they personally do not have the traits stereotypically attributed to Jews. The aim of the text was to use concrete human stories to point to the rejectionist position of the ministry on the Jewish problem, the fascist nature of the political system in Slovakia of 1939–1945, and its anti-human principles.
Key words: Ferdinand Čatloš. Ministry of National Defence of the Slovak Republic. Jews. Anti-Semitism. Appeals.
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